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Titel: A clear atomic example for the surface sensitivity of penning ionization
Sonstige Titel: He^*(2^3S) + Yb
Autor(en): Hotop, HartmutRuf, Martin W.Yencha, A. J.Fricke, Burkhard
Klassifikation (DDC): 530 - Physik (Physics)
Erscheinungsdatum: 1990
Zitierform: In: Annalen der Physik. - Leipzig : Barth, 47.1990. - S. 635 - 648
Zusammenfassung: Using a crossed-beam apparatus with a double hemispherical electron spectrometer, we have studied the spectrum of electrons released in thermal energy ionizing collisions of metastable He^*(2^3S) atoms with ground state Yb(4f^14 6s^2 ^1S_0) atoms, thereby providing the first Penning electron spectrum of an atomic target with-4f-electrons. In contrast to the HeI (58.4nm) and NeI (73.6/74.4nm) photoelectron spectra of Yb, which show mainly 4f- and 6s-electron emission in about a 5:1 ratio, the He^*(2^3S) Penning electron spectrum is dominated by 6s-ionization, acoompnnied by some correlation- induced 6p-emission (8% Yb+( 4f^14 6p^2P) formation) and very little 4f-ionization (<_~ 2.5%). This astounding result is attributed to the electron exchange mechanism for He^*(2^3S) ionization and reflects the poor overlap of the target 4f-electron wavefunction with the 1s-hole of He^*(2^3S), as discussed on thc basis of Dirac-Fock wave functions for the Yb orbitals and through calculations of the partial ionization cross sections involving semiempirical complex potentiale. The presented case may be regarded as the elearest atomic example for the surface sensitivity of He^*(2^3S) Penning ionization observed so far.
URI: urn:nbn:de:hebis:34-2008081223186
ISSN: 0003-3804
Sammlung(en):Publikationen

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