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Titel: Relativistic effects in physics and chemistry of element 105. [Part] IV.
Sonstige Titel: Their influence on the electronic structure and related properties
Autor(en): Pershina, Valerija G.Fricke, Burkhard
Klassifikation (DDC): 530 - Physik (Physics)
Erscheinungsdatum: 1993
Zitierform: In: The journal of chemical physics. - Melville, NY : AIP, 99.1993, S. 9720 - 9729
Zusammenfassung: Results of relativistic (Dirac-Slater and Dirac-Fock) and nonrelativistic (Hartree-Fock-Slater) atomic and molecular calculations have been compared for the group 5 elements Nb, Ta, and Ha and their compounds MCl_5, to elucidate the influence of relativistic effects on their properties especially in going from the 5d element Ta to the 6d element Ha. The analysis of the radial distribution of the valence electrons of the metals for electronic configurations obtained as a result of the molecular calculations and their overlap with ligands show opposite trends in behavior for ns_1/2, np_l/2, and (n -1 )d_5/2 orbitals for Ta and Ha in the relativistic and nonrelativistic cases. Relativistic contraction and energetic stabilization of the ns_1/2 and np_l/2 wave functions and expansion and destabilization of the (n-1)d_5/2 orbitals make hahnium pentahalide more covalent than tantalum pentahalide and increase the bond strength. The nonrelativistic treatment of the wave functions results in an increase in ionicity of the MCl_5 molecules in going from Nb to Ha making element Ha an analog of V. Different trends for the relativistic and nonrelativistic cases are also found for ionization potentials, electronic affinities, and energies of charge-transfer transitions as well as the stability of the maximum oxidation state.
URI: urn:nbn:de:hebis:34-2008102024664
ISSN: 0021-9606

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