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Titel: Femtosecond dynamics of molecules and clusters
Autor(en): Baumert, ThomasThalweiser, RainerWeiss, V.Wiedenmann, ErnstGerber, Gustav
Klassifikation (DDC): 530 - Physik (Physics)
Erscheinungsdatum: 1994
Herausgeber: Ed. by Douwe A. Wiersma
Zitierform: In: Femtosecond reaction dynamics : proceedings of the Colloquium "Femtosecond Reaction Dynamics", Amsterdam, 17 - 19 may 1993. Amsterdam u.a. : North-Holland, 1994, S. 29-47
Zusammenfassung: The real-time dynamics of multiphoton ionization and fragmentation of molecules - Na_2 , Na_3 - and clusters - Na_n, Hg_n - has been studied in molecular beam experiments employing ion and electron spectroscopy together with femtosecond pump-probe techniques. Experiments with Na_2 and Na_3 reveal unexpected features of the dynamics of the absorption of several photons as seen in the one- and three dimensional vibrational wave packet motion in different potential surfaces and in high laser fields. Cluster size dependent studies of physical properties such as absorption resonances, lifetimes and decay channels have been performed using tunable femtosecond light pulses in resonance enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI) of the cluster size under investigation. This method failed in ns-laser experiments due to the ultrafast decay of the studied cluster. For Na_n, cluster we find that for cluster sizes n \le 21 molecular excitations and properties prevail over collective excitations of plasmon-like resonances. In the case of Hg_n cluster prompt formation of singly and doubly charged cluster are observed up to n \approx 60. The transient multiphoton ionization spectra show a 'short' time wave packet dynamics, which is identical for singly and doubly charged mercury clusters while the 'long' time fragmentation dynamics is different.
URI: urn:nbn:de:hebis:34-2008102924902
ISBN: 0-444-85776-1
Sammlung(en):Publikationen

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