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KOBRA - Dokumentenserver der Universität Kassel  → Fachbereiche  → FB 11 / Ökologische Agrarwissenschaften  → DITSL – Deutsches Institut für Tropische und Subtropische Landwirtschaft GmbH –  → Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics (JARTS)  → Vol 111, No 1 (2010) 

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:hebis:34-2010082734343

Title: Pharmaceutical consumption and residuals potentially relevant to nutrient cycling in Greater Accra, Ghana
Authors: Germer, JörnSinar, Evren
???metadata.dc.subject.ddc???: 630 - Landwirtschaft, Veterinärmedizin (Agriculture)
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Kassel University Press
Citation: In: Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics. Kassel : Kassel University Press. - Vol. 111, No. 1 (2010), S. 41-53
Abstract: Recycling nutrients form sanitary wastes back into agricultural ecosystems offers an option to alleviate soil depletion in regions where the use of mineral fertiliser is limited. Exemplary nutrient and water cycling approaches, including collection, treatment and use of human urine, are established at Valley View University (VVU) in Greater Accra, Ghana. Concerns have been recently raised in regard to fate and impact of pharmaceutical residues in soils and interlinked environment. To evaluate in how far emerging knowledge can be transposed onto VVU, urban and rural environments in Greater Accra, spatial disease occurrence and drug consumption patterns were studied. Malaria has been found to represent the most severe health burden in Ghana, but there is also a high prevalence of infectious diseases. Drugs consumed in great quantities and in respect to their residual loads potentially problematic in the environment belong to therapeutic groups of: antibiotics, analgesics, drugs for diabetes, antimalarials, cardiovascular drugs and anthelmintics. Drug consumption revealed to be highest in urban and lowest in rural areas. At VVU the range of consumed drugs is comparable to urban areas except for the negligible use of diabetes and cardiovascular medication as well as contraceptives.
URI: urn:nbn:de:hebis:34-2010082734343
ISSN: 1612-9830
???metadata.dc.description.everything???: Gedruckte Ausg. im Verlag Kassel Univ. Press (www.upress.uni-kassel.de) erschienen.
Appears in Collections:Vol 111, No 1 (2010)

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